man relaxing in air conditioning

How Does an Air Conditioner Work?

The temperatures are climbing to record figures throughout the country and the majority of homes are utilizing some type of air conditioner to beat the smoldering heat. Although we are all thankful that your air conditioner runs, the experts at Aireforce Heating & Air Inc in Santee would like to inform you how it works.

The Basics

There’s a lot of science behind keeping your living space cool. Your air conditioner runs in a similar way to your refrigerator, but your AC has a more difficult responsibility to tackle. Both your fridge and AC cool with a consistent loop of refrigerant, in your air conditioner this refrigerant loops from inside to outside your home. This refrigerant effortlessly alters from a liquid to gas and back to a liquid again. It enters your home as a sub-cooled liquid and as it evaporates it soaks in heat from your indoor air and expands back into vapor. This vapor then travels back to your outdoor unit where the heat is let go and is then condensed back into a sub-cooled liquid.

Four Components

There are 4 main components to your air conditioner unit: a compressor, an evaporator coil, the condensing coil and an expansion valve.

The evaporator coil is the place your refrigerant evaporates from a sub-cooled liquid into a super-heated vapor. This component can be found inside your home, in your garage or possibly in your attic. Warm air moves throughout the cold evaporator coil and the heat is removed from the air. This cooled air is then sent throughout your home.

Your compressor is located in your outdoor condensing unit. The super-heated vapor from your evaporator coil goes into the compressor which increases the pressure of the vapor until it is converted into hot, high pressure vapor. The hot vapor then goes back into the condenser coil where less hot outdoor air flows across the coil, heat is released outdoors and the refrigerant is converted back into a sub-cooled liquid. This sub-cooled liquid is then returned to the indoor evaporator coil and through an expansion valve or metering device. The process is then repeated.

That completes your physics lesson of the day…your air conditioner runs on an relentless loop of science. We understand that it’s not as crucial to you how it works, but that it’s working. If you’d like to chat about staying cool and comfortable in Santee give us a call at 619-448-2470 or set up an appointment using our online scheduler. With the help of our team and science we’re going to make it through this sweltering summer.